Thursday, August 09, 2018

Sallie Cook, a BJ correspondent who helped cover Wayne County, passed away Wednesday, August 8 in Wooster after a long illness. She was 76.

Sallie covered courts, police and government for the BJ.
Former BJ Metro Editor Tim Smith recalls:
“I hired Sally as a correspondent for the BJ in the 70s. She was an outstanding asset and did yeoman work. She’ll be missed. A great lady.”

Later, she was deeply involved in GeekWire, a Seattle-based national technology news site co-founded by her son, John Cook.

John Cook, Todd Bishop and Jonathan Sposato created GeekWire. GeekWire has a weekly radio show on Seattle’s KIRO-97.3 FM.

Son Dave Cook also works at GeekWire.

GeekWire civic innovation editor Monica Nickelsburg called Sallie “a powerful presence at GeekWire.”

Sallie’s widow is Roger Cook. They also have another son, Dan Cook.

Sallie was ran for Wooster City Council and losing narrowly in the general election. She worked with the League of Women Voters, served as a non-profit board member and canvassed and phone-banked for Democratic candidates including Hillary Clinton in the 2016 Presidential election.

The Ohio Wesleyan graduate was born Sallie Dicke on Nov. 9, 1941 in Lima, Ohio.

Her father, Vernon Dicke, was a farmer in western Ohio and her mom, Anne Dicke, was a social worker. The family later moved to Findlay, Ohio, where Vernon bought an insurance company.
For the GeekWire article on Sally’s passing, go to

Wednesday, August 08, 2018

Mizell Stewart received a Journalism and Mass Communication Gerald Sass Award for distinguished service to journalism education.

Mizell met Sass, who preceded Mizell in his Gannett position, at the ceremony.

Former Beacon Journal managing editor Mizell, a Twinsburg native and Bowling Green State grad, worked in Tallahassee, Florida before coming to the BJ in 2006.

Mizell succeeded Debra Adams Simmons as the BJ’s top newsroom management. Bruce Winges followed Mizell in that position.

Wife Valerie and Mizell live in West Chester Township, which is near Middletown and Hamilton and Cincinnati.

Sunday, August 05, 2018

Giffen a natural for Akron Hall of Fame

Tom Giffen with Tom Moore, Mike Williams
Former BJ sports editor Tom Giffen is among 14 who will be inducted into the Greater Akron Baseball Hall of Fame during the August 10-12 celebration weekend.

While working in Ol’ Blue Walls in 1990, Tom purchased the Roy Hobbs baseball program and built it into a nationwide home for thousands of players who never want to quit. In addition to operating the business, Giffen often umpires, cares for the fields and scores the games.

For 30 years Tom has run the Roy Hobbs seniors baseball tournament in Fort Myers, Florida. BJ newroom retiree Tom Moore and advertising retiree Mike Williams have helped Tom with a tournament newsletter, among other duties.

Roy Hobbs is the fictional hero of Bernard Malamud's novel, “The Natural,” and the movie starring Robert Redford as Hobbs.

Giffen’s mother, the late Elsie Ream Giffen, was a Chicago publish house editor and Mineral Wells (Texas) Independent newspaper editor. His father was Cecil Giffen.

Tom is married to Ellen. He has a brother, Charles, in Smyrna, Tennessee.

Friday, August 03, 2018

Derf gets Cleveland Arts Prize award

Former BJ artist John Backderf won the Cleveland Arts Prize Mid-Career Award.

His autobiographical graphic novel “My Friend Dahmer,” the story of his junior high and high school friendship with future serial killer Jeffrey Dahmer was turned into a movie, released last year and filmed partially at Dahmer’s childhood home in Bath.

Derf grew up in Richfield.

Poet and Akron native Rita Dove won the 2018 Cleveland Arts Prize Lifetime Achievement Award.

Dove won the Pulitzer Prize in 1987 for “Thomas and Beulah,” poems about life in Akron as witnessed by her grandparents.

She was named Poet Laureate of the United States in 1993, the youngest ever at age 40 and the first African-American.

She is Commonwealth Professor of English at the University of Virginia.

The 58th annual awards ceremony will be October 21 at the Gartner Auditorium at the Cleveland Museum of Art.

Tuesday, July 31, 2018

PD book includes BJ chapter

Plain Dealing: Cleveland Journalists Tell Their Stories,” a book by Dave Davis and Joan Mazzolini who worked at the PD, includes a chapter on the BJ written by Stuart Warner, who once roamed Ol’ Blue Walls for 19 years.

Stuart said 79 former or current Beacon folks are mentioned in his chapter.

That included Reginia Brett, Thrity Umbrigar, Terry Pluto, Mark Dawidziak, Brian Windhorst, David Giffels, Steve Love, Kathy Fraze, Bill O’Connor, Jane Snow, John Backderf, Ben Maidenburg, John Knight, Bob Dyer, Dale Allen, Glenn Gamboa, David Hertz, Carl Chancellor, Doug Oplinger, Debbie Van Tassel, Katie Byard, Char Nevada, Jim Carney, Jan Leach, Bob Downing and Jewell Cardwell.

Stuart says the book is available, free, online.

Sunday, July 29, 2018

Former BJ sportswriter Sheldon Ocker on Saturday received his J.G. Taylor Spink Award at Doubleday Field in Cooperstown, New York, down the street from the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum.

The award has been given annually since 1962 for “meritorious service to baseball writing.” Sheldon’s 33 years of covering the Cleveland Indians for the BJ easily qualified.

Sheldon switched from the Cleveland Cavaliers to the Indians in 1981 when Bob Nold decided he didn’t want to spent his entire spring and summer on the road or in Cleveland.

Sheldon enters the Hall of Fame along with Bob Costas, who was awarded the Ford C. Frick Award for “major contributions to baseball broadcasting,” and former Indians great Jim Thome, who Ocker covered for much of his career.

Ocker spoke onstage with the podium roughly where second base would be at Doubleday Field and with 58 Hall of Famers sitting behind him.

Sheldon retired from Ol’ Blue Walls after the 2013 season. His wife is Stephanie.

Friday, July 27, 2018

Ken Krause, former BJ sports editor who lives on Mystic Street in Medford, Massachussetts, sent me photos of the late Carol Camp, a BJ whiz on the copy desk.

So this stirred more memories of Carol.

Ken, a 1971 St. Vincent-St. Mary graduate, wrote:

“It was apropos to learn of Carol’s passing while the British Open was under way. That tournament always made me think of him and the ‘links-style’ golf he played. Typically he'd land his approach shots short of the green and let them bound up toward the hole, where they usually settled within birdie range."

Bob Springer, who went from the BJ to Kent State faculty, wrote:

“When you saw the electronic signature "c c" on a story, you knew its facts were correct and it had been thoroughly vetted by Carol. He was as solid as granite as a copy editor.”

Carol wrote the Biography in Brief for the BJ's Sunday News and Views section. In 1972 Carol profiled Akron Public Schools administrator George C. Miller. Later, George’s daughter, Marilyn Miller, became a BJ reporter. She left during the 2017 buyout exodus.

Sharon Lorentzen, who saw Carol at Rockynol for years, wrote:

“He was always such a dear man, and when he got to Rockynol, he was still a favorite.”

In the photo montage above, that’s Carol when the BJ bought its first VDT (Visual Display Terminal) in 1976. I was newsroom electronics coordinator and trained the first person in the newsroom to use a computer terminal.

Carol is with editor Bill Slight and Mary Grace Poidomani Dobreznecki.

Showing off their trophies at the 1970 BJ golf league banquet are Carol (front left), Mickey Porter (trophy in one hand, beverage in the other), Bob Dudley and Leo Gallagher. Back row, left to right, are Paul McKelvy, Steve Mace, Ray Sappenfield, Chick Davison and John Gavin.

In the lower right photo with Carol is the late Don Hawk, who passed away at a bowling alley within a week after his retirement.

Carol was part of an incredible corps of copy editors, something the decimated newspapers around the nation miss today.

There was Hal Fry, who was an etymologist without peer (you don't have to look it up; Hal knew the history and meaning of every word).

Art Cullison, married to English teacher Helen Louise Hagen Cullison, applied the same knowledge to reporters’ copy to make it correct in every way.

Cullison interviewed Gable and the King’s 5th wife, Kay, when Gable was in Cleveland to promote his movie, “The Teacher’s Pet.”

Carol showed up at Art’s calling honors at the Billows funeral home.

Tim Hayes was no slouch either. With Donn Gaynor and Dick McLinden, the desk alternated between laughs and grumbles.

Wednesday, July 25, 2018

Bill Hunter’s son passes away

Retired BJ chief photographer Bill Hunter’s son, Steven Hunter, passed away Thursday, July 19.

Steven Hunter
His mother was the late JeanE Hunter.

Calling hours were 5-7 p.m. Wednesday, July 25, with a memorial service at 7 p.m. at the Eberhardt Funeral Home on Turkeyfoot Lake Road (Route 619).

Steven’s obituary:

Steven William Hunter, age 57, passed away on July 19, 2018 after a brief illness. 

Steve, born on February 25, 1961, grew up on the Portage Lakes, where he developed his passion for fishing and windsurfing.  He spent a number of years crewing sailboats for the Sunday morning races on Turkeyfoot Lake.  He is a graduate of Manchester High School, where his love for music was nurtured as a trumpet player in marching and concert bands.  This coincides with the beginning of his lifelong devotion to the band KISS, and his family can still remember his foot thumping to the rhythm of songs like “Rock and Roll All Night.” 

During college at The University of Akron, Steve worked as a deejay at the college radio station, developing skills that came to fruition during his many years as a wedding deejay.  His many other passions included Formula 1 racing and Ohio State football. 

He has worked at Diebold in North Canton for the last two decades, where he has resided, but continued weekly visits to his father’s house on Turkeyfoot Lake to lend a helping hand (and give his stepmother’s washing machine a workout).  He was handy with tools and could fix almost anything, a skill that he took for granted.

The pride of his life was his son, Brandon, of Navarre, FL.

He was preceded in death by his mother, JeanE Hunter.  He is survived by his father, Bill Hunter of New Franklin, stepmother Lucy Hunter, son Brandon, and sisters Sue Hays (Ron) of Charlotte, NC, and Stacy Hunter (George Ticoras) of Warren, OH, nephews Zach and Jacob Hays, and niece Katina Ticoras, stepsister Carol Caldwell (Brian) and stepbrothers Dave Green (Cindy) and Dan Green, their children, and many loving cousins, aunts, and uncles. 

They will all miss his sunny, kind spirit, dry sense of humor, and how he was always ready to lend a helping hand to anyone who asked, at any time.

A memorial funeral service will be held Wednesday, July 25 at 7:00 p.m. at House of Eberhardt Funeral Home, 472 W. Turkeyfoot Lake Rd. (Rt. 619) Portage Lakes. Pastor Jeffery Hancock officiating. Family and friends will be received from 5:00 p.m. until the time of the service at the funeral home.

Monday, July 23, 2018

NY Daily News staff eviscerated

Tronc, which purchased the New York Daily News, truncated half the staff and editor in chief Jim Rich.

The Daily News, which once had hundreds of employees, is down to a double-digit total.

Rich tweeted on Twitter: “If you hate democracy and think local governments should operate unchecked and in the dark, then today is a good day for you.”

Rich was replaced by Robert York, editor and publisher of The Morning Call, a Tronc-owned daily newspaper in Allentown, Pennsylvania.

To read the New York Times article, go to

Friday, July 20, 2018

A memorial service for retired BJ copy desk editor Carol Camp will be at 1 p.m. Monday, July 23 in the Ciriello and Carr Funeral Home’s Fairlawn chapel at 39 S. Miller Road.
Carol passed away Monday, July 9.

Chuck Ayers, George Davis, Dave Scott and John Olesky attended the service.

Carol, often as local Veterans of Foreign Wars chapter commander, played taps as a final tribute to many of America’s war veterans. This time, it’s Carol’s turn to receive the honor for service to his country.

Day is done, gone the sun,
 From the lake, from the hills, from the sky;
 All is well, safely rest, God is nigh.

Fading light, dims the sight,
 And a star gems the sky, gleaming bright.
 From afar, drawing nigh, falls the night.

Thanks and praise, for our days,
 'Neath the sun, 'neath the stars, neath the sky;
 As we go, this we know, God is nigh.

Sun has set, shadows come,
 Time has fled, Scouts must go to their beds
 Always true to the promise that they made.

While the light fades from sight,
 And the stars gleaming rays softly send,
 To thy hands we our souls, Lord, commend.

Carol’s final resting place, fittingly, will be the Western Reserve National Cemetery. Carol served America in Korea.

Carol lived behind No. 2 hole at Akron’s Good Park golf course until he moved to Rockynol, where the retirement card that BJ artist Chueck Ayers drew was attached to the entrance door to his room.

The 1952 Davidson College graduate – the campus is 20 miles from Charlotte, North Carolina --  was at the Sanford, North Carolina Herald and the Norfolk, Virginia Pilot before joining Ol’ Blue Walls in 1960. He retired after 32 years at 44 E. Exchange Street.

Carol made frequent appearances at the monthly BJ retirees’ gathering at Papa Joe’s Restaurant in the Merriman Valley on Akron-Peninsula Road.

Carol’s obituary:
Carol E. Camp died July 9, 2018.

He was born in Cleveland, OH May 5, 1930, son of Clinton and Cleo Woodward Camp.

He was an editor for the Akron Beacon Journal, retiring in 1992 with 32 years service. His career highlight was copy editor during the Beacon's Pulitzer Prize coverage of the takeover raid on Goodyear.

Deceased are sister, Margaret Dennis; brother, Amos; and half brothers, Dewit Camp and Frank Camp, Jr. Survivors are legions of nieces and nephews.

Carol graduated from Davidson College in 1952. He served as a Captain in the Army and was a Korean War Veteran. Carol served two terms as Commander of Firestone Post 3383 Veterans of Foreign Wars. He also served as Chaplain on the Post Burial Detail for many years, and two years as President of Korean War Veterans.

We thank Rockynol Assisted Living & nursing care for many years. And Crossroads Hospice, for their dedicated personal care.

Carol was a dear, close friend of Dick & Mickie Meredith. We considered Carol as a member of our family. We loved him and will miss him. He is at peace in heaven. Carol's soft personality, faith, determination and love of country will always be remembered.

Carol was a member of New Covenant Community Church.

A memorial service, with Chaplin Tim Short officiating, and Military Rites provided by Honors Burial Detail of Firestone Post 3383, V.F.W. will be held Monday, July 23rd, 1:00pm at Ciriello & Car Funeral Home, 39 S. Miller Rd. Fairlawn.

 Inurnment 2:30 pm at Western Reserve National Cemetery.

Friday, July 13, 2018

Former BJ columnist and now-famous author Thrity Umrigar will be the Akron-Summit County Public Library Main Event Speaker Series' speaker at 7 p.m. Thursday, July 19 in the downtown Main Library Auditorium.

Thrity wrote the bestselling novel, “The Space Between Us,” in 2007. Thrity’s current novel is “The Secrets Between Us.”

Thirty teaches creative writing as Associate Professor of English at Case Western Reserve University.

Books will be available for purchase and signing. Auditorium doors will open at 6:30 pm.

Her other novels are “Bombay Time” (2002), “If Today be Sweet” (2008), “The Weight of Heaven” (2010) and “The World We Found” (2012). Her memoir is “First Darling of the Morning”  (2008).

Thrity left India at the age of 21 to attend Ohio State University.

Thrity began her reporting career with the Lorain Journal. Two years later, in 1987, she came to the BJ.

BJ buddies who showed up included Elaine Guregian, Jane Snow, Jan Leach, Susan Gippin, Sarah Vradenburg and David Giffels.

Wednesday, July 11, 2018



An album by retired BJ reporter Jim Carney’s late brother, Akron native Ralph Carney, and Northeast Ohio native Chris Butler will be released by Smog Veil Records September 7.

Ralph was a saxophonist and multi-instrumentalist who played with Tin Huey,  Elvis Costello, the B-52's, Les Claypool, They Might Be Giants and Tom Waits.

All songs were written and produced by Butler and Carney and were recorded in their respective home studios. The record was mastered by Gary Hobish at Armin Hammer Productions.

Ralph passed away in December 2017 at the age of 61 after a fall.

Monday, July 09, 2018

PD and former BJ pop culture critic Mark Dawidziak immersed himself in The Twilight Zone in Binghamton, New York.

He was at the July 5-8 Rod Serling Fest, surrounded by other authors who also wrote books about Serling.

In Mark’s case, he combined two loves – Serling and Mark Twain – for his talk at the Doubletree by Hilton Hotel in Binghamton on “Moralists in Disguise: Rod Serling and Mark Twain.” As Serling said, he used his morbid but enlightening fiction “to say what Democrats and Republicans couldn’t say.”  

Other Serling authors included Steven Jay Rubin (“The Twilight Zone Encyclopedia”), Martin Grams (“Twilight Zone: Unlocking the door to a Television Classic”), Amy Boyle Johnston (“Unknow Serling”) and Nicholas Parisi (“Rod Serling: His Life, Work and Imagination”). Mark wrote “Everything I Need to Know I Learned in The Twilight Zone”).

Anne Serling (“As I Knew Him: My Dad, Rod Serling”) also spoke at the July 5-8 ceremonies. Rod married Carolyn Kramer in 1948. Their other daughter is Jodi. Rod’s parents were Samuel Lawrence Serling and Esther Cooper Serling.

Although Antioch College (in Ohio) graduate Serling was born in Syracuse, he spent his childhood in Binghamton and considered it his home. Serling was a paratrooper in the Pacific during World War II.

He is buried in Lake View Cemetery in Interlaken, New York. Rod died at the age of 50.

Binghamton is in Broome County, which declared Rod Serling Day for the event in Rod’s honor.

Although “The Twilight Zone” is what most remember about Serling, his six Emmys came from his other works, including “Patterns,” a TV series that brought Serling his first Emmy, and “Requiem for a Heavyweight,” starring Jack Palance. “Planet of the Apes” 1968 movie, which he co-wrote; and “Rod Serling’s Night Gallery,” another series to frighten and enlighten.

Saturday, July 07, 2018

After expunging hundreds, BJ seeks one

The Akron Beacon Journal has an opening for a metro reporter.

"We are looking for someone who can tell provocative stories that connect with audiences in print, online and through social media. The successful candidate needs to be creative enough to tell engaging stories using all of the tools available to journalists.

"If you have a passion for journalism and want to work with award-winning professionals, send your resume and story links to:

"Bruce Winges
"Editor and Vice President
"Akron Beacon Journal

"A minimum of 1 to 2 years of experience is required."

The BJ had Jim Carney, Marilyn Geewax, Steve Hoffman, Dick McBane, Dennis McEaneney, Terry Oblander, Rick Reiff, Tom Ryan, Dave Scott, John Dunphy and Brian Usher.

But they were among the hundreds who left when the Internet sucked the financial life out of newspapers all over America.

You can’t lose thousands of years of experience without paying a heavy price.

Thursday, July 05, 2018

SIX people tell 325 million what to think

Media ownership includes broadcast and cable television, film, radio, newspaper, magazine, book publishing, music, video games, and various online entities.

In 1983, 90% of US media was controlled by 50 companies; today, 90% is controlled by just 6 companies.

So 6 powerful people can try to influence 325 million Americans.

Summer Redstone’s American Amusement  has a $4.6 billion chunk.

CEO’s Bob Iger  runs Disney’s chunk.

CEO Jeff Bewkes runs TimeWarner’s chunk.

CEO Brian Roberts runs Comcast’s chunk.

Rupert Murdoch’s News Corp gets another chunk.

CEO Kazuo Hirai runs Sony’s chunk.

Combined, these six companies run media worth $148.2 billion. Plus have most of the influence over what we think.

As for newspapers, Michael Bloomberg,  Newhouse, Cox, Warren Buffett, Mortimer Zuckerman own a big chunk of  American newspapers.

Gannett is #1, with about 120 American and 300 United Kingdom newspapers.
McClatchy and Hearst are distant second and third with 29 and 23 American newspapers.

The day after July 4th Independence Day seems a good time to run an article on a free media.

Wednesday, July 04, 2018

The Capital Gazette published a letter of appreciation thanking the local community for its support — in the form of cards, letters, emails, food, and flowers —after five employees from the Annapolis newspaper were killed in a mass shooting.

However, its staff also wrote that the paper will never forget the influx of "death threats and emails from people we don’t know celebrating our loss." And, in an apparent dig at President Trump, the staff also wrote that they "won’t forget being called an enemy of the people."

Excerpts from the letter:

  • "No, we won’t forget [being called the enemy of the people]. Because exposing evil, shining light on wrongs and fighting injustice is what we do."
  • "Every day, the staff of this news organization will report on the news of Annapolis and Anne Arundel County. We will never be the same as we were, now that Rebecca, Wendi, John, Gerald and Rob are gone."
  • "Some day we hope to be as good again. That’s all we can do. Until then, keep reading. We’ve only just begun."
  • "Our community has rallied around us to show they understand who we are, and that we are not the enemy of the people. We are your neighbors, your friends. We are you."

The impact: More than 800 people subscribed to the Capital on Friday.

God bless America !!!






The unanimous Declaration of the thirteen united States of America

When in the Course of human events it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another and to assume among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the Laws of Nature and of Nature's God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation.

We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness. — That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed, — That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying its foundation on such principles and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and Happiness. Prudence, indeed, will dictate that Governments long established should not be changed for light and transient causes; and accordingly all experience hath shewn that mankind are more disposed to suffer, while evils are sufferable than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed. But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same Object evinces a design to reduce them under absolute Despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such Government, and to provide new Guards for their future security. — Such has been the patient sufferance of these Colonies; and such is now the necessity which constrains them to alter their former Systems of Government. The history of the present King of Great Britain is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations, all having in direct object the establishment of an absolute Tyranny over these States. To prove this, let Facts be submitted to a candid world.

He has refused his Assent to Laws, the most wholesome and necessary for the public good.

He has forbidden his Governors to pass Laws of immediate and pressing importance, unless suspended in their operation till his Assent should be obtained; and when so suspended, he has utterly neglected to attend to them.

He has refused to pass other Laws for the accommodation of large districts of people, unless those people would relinquish the right of Representation in the Legislature, a right inestimable to them and formidable to tyrants only.

He has called together legislative bodies at places unusual, uncomfortable, and distant from the depository of their Public Records, for the sole purpose of fatiguing them into compliance with his measures.

He has dissolved Representative Houses repeatedly, for opposing with manly firmness his invasions on the rights of the people.

He has refused for a long time, after such dissolutions, to cause others to be elected, whereby the Legislative Powers, incapable of Annihilation, have returned to the People at large for their exercise; the State remaining in the mean time exposed to all the dangers of invasion from without, and convulsions within.

He has endeavoured to prevent the population of these States; for that purpose obstructing the Laws for Naturalization of Foreigners; refusing to pass others to encourage their migrations hither, and raising the conditions of new Appropriations of Lands.

He has obstructed the Administration of Justice by refusing his Assent to Laws for establishing Judiciary Powers.

He has made Judges dependent on his Will alone for the tenure of their offices, and the amount and payment of their salaries.

He has erected a multitude of New Offices, and sent hither swarms of Officers to harass our people and eat out their substance.

He has kept among us, in times of peace, Standing Armies without the Consent of our legislatures.

He has affected to render the Military independent of and superior to the Civil Power.

He has combined with others to subject us to a jurisdiction foreign to our constitution, and unacknowledged by our laws; giving his Assent to their Acts of pretended Legislation:

For quartering large bodies of armed troops among us:

For protecting them, by a mock Trial from punishment for any Murders which they should commit on the Inhabitants of these States:

For cutting off our Trade with all parts of the world:

For imposing Taxes on us without our Consent:

For depriving us in many cases, of the benefit of Trial by Jury:

For transporting us beyond Seas to be tried for pretended offences:

For abolishing the free System of English Laws in a neighbouring Province, establishing therein an Arbitrary government, and enlarging its Boundaries so as to render it at once an example and fit instrument for introducing the same absolute rule into these Colonies

For taking away our Charters, abolishing our most valuable Laws and altering fundamentally the Forms of our Governments:

For suspending our own Legislatures, and declaring themselves invested with power to legislate for us in all cases whatsoever.

He has abdicated Government here, by declaring us out of his Protection and waging War against us.

He has plundered our seas, ravaged our coasts, burnt our towns, and destroyed the lives of our people.

He is at this time transporting large Armies of foreign Mercenaries to compleat the works of death, desolation, and tyranny, already begun with circumstances of Cruelty & Perfidy scarcely paralleled in the most barbarous ages, and totally unworthy the Head of a civilized nation.

He has constrained our fellow Citizens taken Captive on the high Seas to bear Arms against their Country, to become the executioners of their friends and Brethren, or to fall themselves by their Hands.

He has excited domestic insurrections amongst us, and has endeavoured to bring on the inhabitants of our frontiers, the merciless Indian Savages whose known rule of warfare, is an undistinguished destruction of all ages, sexes and conditions.

In every stage of these Oppressions We have Petitioned for Redress in the most humble terms: Our repeated Petitions have been answered only by repeated injury. A Prince, whose character is thus marked by every act which may define a Tyrant, is unfit to be the ruler of a free people.

Nor have We been wanting in attentions to our British brethren. We have warned them from time to time of attempts by their legislature to extend an unwarrantable jurisdiction over us. We have reminded them of the circumstances of our emigration and settlement here. We have appealed to their native justice and magnanimity, and we have conjured them by the ties of our common kindred to disavow these usurpations, which would inevitably interrupt our connections and correspondence. They too have been deaf to the voice of justice and of consanguinity. We must, therefore, acquiesce in the necessity, which denounces our Separation, and hold them, as we hold the rest of mankind, Enemies in War, in Peace Friends.

We, therefore, the Representatives of the united States of America, in General Congress, Assembled, appealing to the Supreme Judge of the world for the rectitude of our intentions, do, in the Name, and by Authority of the good People of these Colonies, solemnly publish and declare, That these united Colonies are, and of Right ought to be Free and Independent States, that they are Absolved from all Allegiance to the British Crown, and that all political connection between them and the State of Great Britain, is and ought to be totally dissolved; and that as Free and Independent States, they have full Power to levy War, conclude Peace, contract Alliances, establish Commerce, and to do all other Acts and Things which Independent States may of right do. — And for the support of this Declaration, with a firm reliance on the protection of Divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other our Lives, our Fortunes, and our sacred Honor.

New Hampshire:
Josiah Bartlett, William Whipple, Matthew Thornton